Chapter 1513: COAL SURFACE MINING. 1513.01 Coal surface mining definitions. As used in this chapter: "Approximate original contour" means that surface configuration achieved by backfilling and grading of a mined area so that the reclaimed area, including any terracing or access roads, closely resembles the general surface configuration of the ...
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Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.
Types of surface mining . Strip mining: This process involves the method of extracting the mineral by removing soil and rock which are deposited on the surface.Coal and Lignite are the two principle minerals that are extracted through this method.