2009-2011. Dutch power plants import their coals from Colombia, South Africa and Indonesia. In the Netherlands there is little discussion about the origin of these coals, and about the negative effects of mining on local people and environment.
The management of mining water is a critical environmental concern. Mining is an essential function because of all the valuable products it produces, including precious metals and gems, bulk minerals like bauxite and limestone, important refineable metal products, and coal.