Underground coal gasification (UCG) is an industrial process which converts coal into product gas. UCG is an in-situ gasification process carried out in non-mined coal seams using injection of oxidants, and bringing the product gas to surface through production wells drilled from the surface.
Coming back to the case, EFL, filed a Fundamental Rights Application (Bearing No. SCFR 179/16), against the proposed controversial coal power plant in Sampur, in the District of Trincomalee, without a proper assessment of the severe impacts on the surrounding area.
In 2000, 2004 and again in 2010, the Clean Air Task Force issued studies based on work by Abt Associates quantifying the deaths and other adverse health effects attributable to the fine particle air pollution resulting from power plant emissions.
Coal-fired power plants around the country are under pressure due to environmental regulations and cheaper fuel sources. The original Salem Harbor Generating Station in Salem, MA, a coal- and oil-fired power plant built in the 1950s and 1970s faced these pressures when Footprint Power purchased it in 2012.